International Air Transport
1: Fill in the electronic file of shipping, that is, the detailed information of the goods: name of the goods, number of pieces, weight, size of the container, name, address, telephone number, time of shipment of the destination and the consignee of the destination, name, telephone number and address of the consignor.
2: Required customs declaration data:
A: List, contract, invoice, manual, verification sheet, etc.
B: Fill in the declaration power of attorney, seal and seal a blank letter for backup during the declaration process, and submit it to the consigned customs agent or customs broker for handling.
C: Confirm whether there is import and export right and whether quota is required for products.
D: According to the mode of trade, the above documents or other necessary documents shall be handed over to the consigned freight forwarder or customs broker for handling.
3: Looking for Freight Forwarders: consignors are free to choose freight forwarders, but they should choose suitable agencies in terms of freight rates, services, strength of freight forwarders and after-sales services.
4: Inquiry: negotiate the freight rate with the selected freight forwarder. The air transport price level is divided into: MN+45+100+300+500+1000
Due to the different services provided by airlines, the freight rates to freight forwarders are also different. Generally speaking, the higher the weight level is, the more favorable the price will be.
2: Freight forwarding company
1: Letter of authorization: after the consignor and freight agent determine the transportation price and service conditions, the freight agent will give the consignor a blank "letter of authorization for goods shipment", and the consignor will truthfully fill in this letter of authorization and email or return it to the freight agent.
2: Commodity inspection: the freight agent will check whether the contents of the power of attorney are complete (incomplete or non-standard shall be supplemented), understand whether the goods need to be inspected, and assist in handling the goods that need to be inspected.
3: Booking: according to the consignor's "power of attorney", the freight forwarder orders space from the airline (or the consignor can designate the airline), and confirms the flight and relevant information to the customer.
4: pick up the goods
A: Self delivery by consignor: the freight forwarder shall give the consignor the goods entry sheet and warehouse drawing, indicating the air master number, telephone number, delivery address, time, etc. So that the goods can be put into the warehouse timely and accurately.
B: Receiving goods by freight forwarder: the consignor shall provide the freight forwarder with specific receiving address, contact person, telephone number, time and other relevant information to ensure the timely warehousing of goods.
5: Settlement of transportation expenses: both parties shall determine when they have not received the goods:
Prepayment: local payment to payment: payment by destination
6: Transportation mode: direct, air-to-air, sea air and land air transportation.
7: Freight composition: air freight (subject to freight rate negotiated by forwarder and consignor), bill of lading fee, customs clearance fee, document fee, fuel surcharges and war risk (subject to airline charges), ground handling fee of cargo station, and other miscellaneous fees that may be incurred due to different cargo.
3: Airport / airline terminal
1. Tally: when the goods are delivered to the relevant cargo station, the freight forwarder will make the main label and sub label according to the airline's waybill number, and paste them on the goods, so as to facilitate the identification of the owner, freight forwarder, cargo station, customs, airline, commodity inspection and consignee at the port of departure and destination.
2. Weighing: the labeled goods shall be handed over to the cargo station for safety inspection, weighing, and measuring the size of the goods to calculate the volume weight. Then the cargo station shall write the actual weight and volume weight of the whole goods into the "entry and weighing list", stamp "security inspection seal", "shipping seal receivable" and sign for confirmation.
3. Bill of lading: according to the "weighing list" of the cargo station, the freight forwarder will enter all the cargo data into the air waybill of the airline.
4. Special handling: due to the importance and danger of the goods, as well as the shipping restrictions (such as oversize, overweight, etc.), the cargo terminal will require the carrier's representative to review and sign for instructions before warehousing.
4: Commodity Inspection
1: Documents: the consignor must issue a list, invoice, contract and inspection authorization (provided by the customs broker or freight forwarder)
2: Make an appointment with commodity inspection for inspection time.
3: Inspection: the Commodity Inspection Bureau will take samples of goods or evaluate them on site to make audit conclusions.
4: Release: after passing the inspection, the Commodity Inspection Bureau will make certification on the "inspection request letter".
5: Commodity inspection shall be carried out according to the supervision conditions of "commodity code" of various goods.
5: Customs broker
1: Receipt and delivery of documents: the customer can choose the customs broker or entrust the freight forwarder to declare, but in any case, all the customs declaration materials prepared by the consignor, together with the "weighing sheet" of the cargo station, and the original air waybill of the airline shall be handed over to the customs broker in time, so as to facilitate the timely customs declaration and the early customs clearance and transportation of the goods.
2: Pre entry: according to the above documents, the customs declaration bank will sort out and improve all the customs declaration documents, input the data into the customs system, and conduct pre audit.
3: Declaration: after the pre recording is passed, the formal declaration procedure can be carried out, and all documents can be submitted to the Customs for review.
4: Delivery time: according to the flight time: the cargo documents to be declared at noon shall be handed over to the customs broker at the latest before 10:00 a.m.; the cargo documents to be declared at afternoon shall be handed over to the customs broker at the latest before 15:00 p.m. Otherwise, it will increase the burden of declaration speed of the customs broker, and may cause the goods not to enter the expected flight.
1: Review: the customs will review the goods and documents according to the customs declaration data.
2: Inspection: spot check or self inspection by freight forwarders (at their own risk).
3: Taxation: according to the type of goods,